Restoration after therapy is a long and complex process that can last for months and even years. The patient is recommended to undergo comprehensive rehabilitation for more effective and quick recovery. Rehabilitation can be done both in a hospital and at home. When conducting low-dose courses of radiotherapy, the patient does not need a serious rehabilitation in a hospital.
For correct and effective recovery immediately after taking a course of therapy, it is necessary to turn to a specialist to assess the state of the body. Once again, it should be noted that only an integrated approach in the designation of restoration measures will bring the desired result.
First of all, it is important to start with a change in the way of life and observance of the regime of the day. It is extremely necessary for the patient who underwent irradiation to observe the physiological sleep and wakefulness, since a full rest is an important step towards the restoration of the damaged organism. The best solution will be sanatorium treatment.
An oncological patient needs to be seen as often as possible in the open air and have little physical activity. An important component of rehabilitation is proper nutrition. Compliance with the diet after radiation therapy can activate the disturbed metabolic processes, which leads to an accelerated recovery of tissues. In the diet must not only be a balanced amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, but also a sufficient number of macro and microelements, as well as vitamins. The use of fresh vegetables and fruits allows the body to get the necessary amount of antioxidants, which protect cells from accelerated aging as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation. Proper and balanced nutrition is the key to rapid recovery of the body!
Psychological and emotional rest is also very important. Patients who undergo treatment for malignant neoplasms very often not only have an increased level of anxiety, but also a depressed state. At the time of rehabilitation, it is worth abandoning any adventures, heavy physical and psycho-emotional work. Also, it is important to try to protect yourself from communicating with negative or pessimistic people.
WHAT HAPPENS WITH THE ORGANISM IN IRRADIATION
Ionizing radiation is detrimental to all living things, since it disrupts metabolic processes occurring in cells. Tissues with high mitotic potential are especially sensitive. In particular, cancer cells have a high mitotic activity, which is why they are damaged first of all during radiotherapy. Radiation leads to the destruction of DNA cells, which entail the cessation of cell division.
Nausea and vomiting that occur after irradiation are the most common adverse reactions. These symptoms occur because the intestinal tissues have the greatest sensitivity to radiation among all types of tissues of the human body. Also, as a result of irradiation, a variety of abnormalities occur in the enzyme and protein structures of all cells, the body spends a large amount of energy on compensation and struggle with it.
EFFECTS OF RADIOTHERAPY
All the side effects can be divided into two large groups: local and general.
The local negative effects include damage to the skin. Very often, when a high-dose ionizing radiation is exposed, a skin burn is formed. Many local tissues damage in the period after irradiation tend to be inflamed. If contact radiotherapy was carried out, inflammatory and atrophic processes also occur at the sensor fixation site. For example, a patient with tracheal cancer having got intracavitary irradiation may suffer from tracheitis, and in case of intravaginal irradiation the patient suffering from cervical cancer, may get vulvovaginitis. Common negative effects of such therapy are pronounced dyspeptic phenomena, cachexia and decreased immune reactivity of the organism.