Persistently high blood pressure inside the eye is called “Glaucoma” (a disease in which without treatment there is a persistent decline in vision, right up to blindness). With a slight increase in the indices, the patient practically does not notice problems until the eye becomes weak-sighted or blind.
Glaucoma most often develops among people older than 40 years (especially with adverse heredity – when the family has relatives with such a diagnosis). Therefore, all people over the age of 40 are advised to visit an ophthalmologist at least once a year to examine and measure the pressure.
In addition, the pressure cannot increase steadily, but under the influence of any internal or external factors. In such case, they speak of “ophthalmic hypertension”. As a rule, intensive therapy in this case is not carried out, limited to a seeing of an ophthalmologist and elimination of the cause that leads to such problems.
Often, patients’ complaints about feeling of fullness in the eyeball, pain and discomfort are not associated with increased intraocular pressure. This condition is often observed with neurological problems (migraine), increased blood pressure (hypertensive crisis) or, conversely, its decrease (vegetative-vascular dystonia by hypotonic type), with general inflammatory diseases (FLU, ARVI) or other diseases (conjunctivitis, keratitis, neuritis of the optic nerves, iridocyclitis, etc.).
Office workers who spend the whole day in front of the computer are frequent oculist patients complaining of a feeling of discomfort. This is due to visual overfatigue and drying out of the eyes.
It should be aimed at eliminating the cause that leads to the patient’s complaints. If the pathology is in the eyes, then it is necessary to visit an ophthalmologist, who can prescribe appropriate drops. If you have ocular tension, it is necessary to use drugs that reduce the index. In case of inflammatory diseases, it is important to use antibacterial drops. If it is a question of a computer visual syndrome – humidifying drops, vitamins for sight, gymnastics.
Only the specialist can determine the cause that leads to the appearance of the sensation of ocular tension. The doctor also prescribes treatment. Therefore, if you have these complaints, it is recommended that you consult your ophthalmologist. When choosing a clinic, it will not be superfluous to pay attention to the level of specialists and equipment, which will help determine the problem and prescribe the appropriate therapy. It allows you to avoid complications. It is important to choose the clinic where you will really be helped.