The increase in the buttocks in medical practice is called gluteoplasty. Plastic surgery is aimed at increasing the volume and/or changing the shape of this part of the body. In modern medicine, various methods are used to give volume, and fillers are different.
Before the procedure, it is necessary to receive basic information about gluteoplasty, correctly prepare for the choice of clinic and doctor.
What is it and how does the procedure proceed?
An increase in the buttocks or a change in their shape is carried out in cases where the patient is dissatisfied with the appearance of this zone and wants to change it. Daily workouts in the gym and a long wait for results is not for everyone, so some people decide to resort to gluteoplasty (increase in the buttocks).
Conventionally, all gluteoplasty is divided into two methods: insertion of implants or pumping the patient’s fat into the necessary zone. Both of these techniques perform the same role, however, proceed quite differently and may have differences in the results.
Another technique that the patient may be aware of is the use of Aptos threads. This procedure is aimed not so much at increasing the volume of this part of the body, as at changing its shape. With the threads, the buttocks become tightened, sagging is eliminated.
At the moment, there are different methods of increasing the buttocks. A popular way is the use of implants – endoprostheses. It is allowed to use in 40% of cases and only if there is a sufficient amount of muscle mass. However, with physical data it is recommended to use your own fat. The size and shape of the implants is chosen strictly on the figure. The implant itself is a form filled with cohesive silicone, the shell of which is made out of dense and heavy-duty material. The implant is placed under the fascia or under the big muscle of the buttock, this arrangement ensures a reliable fixation of the endoprosthesis, making it invisible. It is strongly not recommended to place the implant under the skin, because it can provoke its displacement and an obvious protrusion. Silicone is inserted through the incision between the buttocks. The endoprosthesis is placed in a pocket specially allocated for it, and the wound is sutured with absorbable material so that there is no need for a second visit to the doctor. The period of rehabilitation after such an intervention is about six months.
Buttocks can be enlarged due to their own fat (lipofilling). The patient is transplanted his/her own fatty tissue, taken under sterile conditions from the places where its surplus is present. Fat should be collected so that the cells suffer as little as possible. Transplanting intact tissue ensures that the mass does not dissolve over time in the process of active metabolism. Sometimes adipose tissue can be processed by the patient’s plasma, this process is carried out to prepare the masses for successful migration. Among other things, this technique is fraught with the appearance of tubercles resembling cellulite in structure. In other cases, the removal of fat from the sides of the hips makes the shape of the muscles more pronounced, and then an operation for an increase in the buttocks is not required.
It is mainly performed on aged patients with loose skin, as well as those with extremely low muscle mass. The main drawback of the procedure is the formation of a deep scar after surgery. Young patients also tend to this method, if the muscles are too sluggish, lowered down, and neither the implant nor the fat can correct the situation.
The recovery period after surgery may last up to six months. During this period of time, swelling, soreness and numbness in the area of the implants may persist.
It is also necessary to adhere to the following rules:
- The first day after surgery is recommended to be carried out in stationary conditions, under the supervision of doctors.
- It is forbidden to take a shower for 3 days after the intervention.
- Up to 7 days, it is necessary to lie only on the stomach.
- Up to 2 months it is forbidden to visit the bath, sauna, steam room, solarium, swimming pool and take a bath.
- It is necessary to care for scars and cover them with special ointments.
- For life injections are prohibited in the muscle of the buttocks.
- patient’s desire to increase the volume or change the shape of the buttocks;
- the lack of results from systematic exercises;
- sagging tissue;
- a sharp weight loss leading to the deformation of this area of the body;
- traces of injury;
- disproportionality of the buttocks;
- muscle atrophy of this area of the body.
The operation is prohibited in the presence of specific problems:
- infectious blood diseases;
- any acute illness;
- disruption of the thyroid gland and the endocrine system;
- problems with the cardiovascular system.
A person runs the risk of such complications:
- surgery and the installation of any implants can lead to an unforeseen reaction of the immune system (latent processes can be activated, diseases from the latent and chronic stages can become open and active);
- wounds heal slowly;
- keloid scars;
- infection, rupture of the implant;
- implant displacement;
- the formation of excess connective tissue in the healing process;
- formation of bumps and irregularities;