Chickenpox affects mainly children from 2 to 10 years of age. It is believed that this infection does not pose a particular danger to the baby. Some mothers even specifically allow them to communicate with their sick peer, so that the baby has it as early as possible and has received lifelong immunity.
Since the virus enters the body before the first signs of the disease can be a long time. If the child is infected, not earlier than a week later you will understand that it has chickenpox. The incubation period lasts from 1 to 3 weeks. Thus, the initial stage usually passes asymptomatically.
The fact that the infection has occurred, the parents find out when the temperature rises and after that there is a spot. The temperature can reach 39-40 degrees. It appears a day or two before the rash, and more often – simultaneously with it. Knowing how it begins, you will not confuse it with banal ARVI. If the temperature has already risen, while it also complains of chills, weakness, headache and back pain, it is necessary to follow the spots on the skin.
The rash appears swiftly: the body is covered with pink spots 2-4 mm in diameter, which in a few hours turn into blisters with a liquid inside and a red bordering from the outside. After 1-3 days, the rash dries up, dark crusts form on its surface, which fall off in the second-third week of the disease.
The mild form is characterized by single eruptions. With a severe course, the rashes on the body are abundant and appear in several stages. In this case, the skin can have a spot of several types: both with drying crusts, and fresh pink spots.
Eruptions appear not only on the skin, but also on the mucous membranes: in the eyes, in the groin, in the mouth. The disease in the mouth delivers severe discomfort and can be the cause of capriciousness and the absence of a sick appetite.
Severe itching makes them comb the pimples, as a result of which scars can form. We must try to explain that they do not need to be touched.
How long does the disease last?
The temperature, on average, lasts from 2 to 5 days, in severe cases – up to 10 days. New rashes appear in the period from 2 to 9 days. An infectious person is considered to be 5 days after the appearance of the last rash.
If in the kindergarten there is the problem, how many days will pass before infection, and how long the baby will be sick – it is impossible to say for sure. To stop its spread, pediatricians recommend a 21-day quarantine for children who have been in contact with sick chickenpox.
Parents have many questions if the child has chickenpox: can I bathe my beloved? Can I use a shower gel or a skin cream?
It all depends on the form of the disease. If the disease is severe, the child has a fever or suppuration and sores on the skin – it is better to wait for water procedures. If it feels well, the rash dries up from the hygiene procedures it will be only good. Bathing in warm water with a slightly diluted solution of potassium permanganate will help to remove the itch and dry the rash.
Specific treatment usually does not require.
When a child is not already infected 7-8 days later, new pimples no longer appear on the baby body, the old ones gradually wither and the crusts fall off without a trace (if they are not combed), the temperature is normalized. At this stage, the child is no longer contagious, it remains only to wait for complete recovery of health and appetite. Immunity against chickenpox remains for life and the child cannot become ill again. However, the deactivated herpes virus remains in the cells of the nervous system for as long as life, and in case of a decrease in immunity it can become active and manifest as a shingling. As a rule, to communicate with children after a chickenpox is tolerated is already 9-10 days after the onset of the illness, but quarantine in children’s institutions remains up to 21 days from the date of the first child’s illness.
Welfare of water
During the chickenpox of a child, not only one can but also need to bathe, especially in the evening, before going to bed. But observe some important rules. Bathing partially relieves itching, so the baby splashes with pleasure in the water. But do not let him stay in the tub for more than 10 minutes. To enhance the therapeutic effect of the procedure, add a decoction of chamomile or turns to the water. Do not use detergents during bathing: soap, gels or bath foam. They irritate the skin. Do not try to cleanse the child’s body of crusts with a bast cleanser: everything that is ready to fall away will disappear itself. Violent cleansing can harm a baby. After bathing, do not wipe the baby with a towel, blot water or allow the crumb to dry (if room temperature allows). After the bath, as soon as the skin dries, lubricate the rash with Kucik gel – this will help to remove the itch for a long time, moisturize and soothe the skin.
The question of whether it is necessary to prevent the infection of the child with chickenpox remains open. Some parents deliberately bring their baby to visit a child suffering from the disease so that it becomes infected, has recovered and received immunity in a natural way, because complications are rare, but in adults it is difficult and not always without consequences.
Prevention is required if there is a small child in the house. The disease among infants a rarity. Up to 6 months, children who are breastfed are protected by the mother’s antibodies. If a baby has a month, the disease will most likely bypass it, although if the older brother or sister with whom the baby is constantly in contact gets infected, infection is possible.
The best means of prevention is vaccination. Depending on the type of vaccine, it is administered once or twice. The vaccine should be done in advance until the chickenpox epidemic begins. But if the baby had contact with the sick person, and no more than 72 hours passed from that moment, with the help of an emergency vaccination it is possible to slow down the development of the virus in the body.
If your baby is sick, direct your efforts to prevent itching, scratching and suppuration of the rash, because if you do not touch acne, it will not leave a trace on your skin. If the baby has not had chickenpox yet, you can consider vaccination.