The “fashion” for one or another type of face is no less fleeting than the one for clothes, but throughout the history of mankind, a woman’s face with high, distinct cheekbones and slightly protruding chin was considered harmonious and attractive.
Different people can have different tastes and concepts about beauty. But everyone does not like sunken cheeks. The same thing can be said about too thick ones. When the patient turns to a plastic surgeon for a facelift, then tightening the skin on the face is not a problem, but if he/she has thick cheeks, the result will not be complete. The reason for this thickness is excess fatty tissue. The reduction operation is to remove the fatty tissue in the cheekbone area and improve the facial contour, and also to make the area thinner.
The reason for such fat cheeks is usually obesity, as well as genetic predisposition. Removing the adipose tissue allows you to make the cheeks more even, elastic and beautiful. Most often, the reduction is performed in combination with cosmetic procedures such as face lift, neck lift, blepharoplasty, contour correction with implants and neck liposuction. The duration is on average 1 – 1.5 hours. An incision is made to remove the fatty tissue of the cheeks from the side of the mouth in the fold between the cheek and gum. The reduction is suitable for those who want to have thinner cheeks with a smooth contour.
As with any surgical procedure, a patient is prepared before setting with a cheek reduction. It consists in a complete examination of the patient. The doctor asks the patient about previous diseases, as well as about facial surgery. If you are allergic to any drug, you should definitely inform your doctor. You also need to tell the doctor about what drugs you are taking at the moment. If you are taking aspirin or any other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, you should stop taking them at least a week before the surgery, since they affect blood clotting.
Before the operation it is necessary to take:
- general analysis of blood and urine;
- biochemical analysis of blood and urine;
- blood test for clotting and platelets;
Also, before the operation, the doctor will photograph you so that you can compare the result obtained from the operation with what was before it. Be sure to stop smoking for 2 weeks before the operation, as it has a negative effect on wound healing.
After the surgeon has removed all the excess fat from the cheek area, the incision is stitched with absorbable sutures. They will not need to be removed. Usually, after the operation, the patient has edema, some discomfort in the face, difficulties during the meal. After a week, you can begin normal work.
In addition to the standard reduction using an incision through the oral cavity, the removal of excess fat is also possible with the help of liposuction. However, unlike the standard method, visible scars may remain in the face after liposuction.
After any surgery, there may be a risk of some complications:
- Hematoma formation.
- Infectious complications of the wound.
- Poor wound healing is typical for smokers and diabetic patients.
- Violations of the sensitivity of the skin (rarely) are associated with the intersection of the nerve branches when the skin is cut.
- The risk of anesthesia complications.
- Damage to deeper structures (nerves, blood vessels, muscles).
- Allergic reactions to the materials used (suture material, adhesive plaster, injected drugs).
- The uneven contour of the skin.