Pediatrics | MEDICH

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Category: Pediatrics

Constipation in children

Constipation in children

In children and adults, abdominal pain and increased gas formation appear on the background of constipation. With persistent constipation, there is a risk of sucking back products from the intestines into the bloodstream. This is fraught with intoxication, the development of dehydration and multiple organ failure. Due to the natural hypersensitivity of the body, constipation in babies requires immediate treatment. The fact of constipation in infants The intestine of children of the first year of life is only developing. Its…

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Herpes

Herpes

Viral infections often occur in children. When infected with herpes, rashes can appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, inner surface of the cheeks. However, this disease can be mistaken for a sore throat. Causes It refers to viruses that can affect not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes of the throat, eyes and mouth. Its feature is the fact that the pathology is more common in children 1-14 years. Breast babies rarely get this type…

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Dysplasia

Dysplasia

Sometimes newborn babies are diagnosed with hip dysplasia and prescribed to wear stirrups. As far as it is not easy both for a child and for parents, only those who have been through know this. The baby who is restricted in movement is capricious and does not sleep well at night, and his/her parents bleed with blood. In the end, many do not stand up and begin to look for other methods of treatment. There is an opinion that it…

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Pediculosis

Pediculosis

Pediculosis is infestation by lice. On the human body 3 types can parasitize, which differ in habitat and structure: head, wardrobe and pubic.  A head louse lives in the scalp, mainly on the temples, the back of the head and crown. The clothes one is parasitic on the human body, mainly in the folds and seams of linen and clothing. The pubic one lives in the hairy part near the genitals, but with massive invasion and in other places, up…

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Burns in children

Burns in children

Surgeons have alarming statistics: among the total number of people who received burns, more than 30–35% are children, and almost half of them are very small – up to three years old.  Young children are often burned with hot liquids – milk, tea, soup, water. It happens that by negligence the parents put the baby in a hot bath, without first trying the water at least to the touch. There are frequent cases of burns in infants when they try…

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Anemia in children

Anemia in children

Care about the health of the baby from the earliest days of its life lies on the shoulders of parents. Last but not least, it is important for them to provide the child with a full-fledged diet containing all the substances and trace elements necessary for growth and development. These include iron, the lack of which can cause a health hazard.  What are the features of the occurrence and development of anemia in children? In the process of fetal development,…

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ARVI and influenza among children

ARVI and influenza among children

With the onset of the cold season, the incidence of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and influenza increases every year, becoming epidemic. Children are most susceptible to these infections: they catch a cold from an average of 7 to 10 times a year against 2-3 cases of the disease in adults.  There are two main causes of such morbidity in children: first, their immune system is not yet familiar with many viruses and cannot give them a fitting rebuff right…

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Fontanel

Fontanel

Fontanel  is one of the mostvulnerable places on the body of the crumbs. These are the empty spaces between the bones of the skull, covered with a strong membrane. It is one of the main indicators of development in the first year of life. It is located between the parietal and frontal bones of theskull, and resembles a rhombus in shape . It is soft with rather dense edges. When a child is just born naturally, its head, as arule,…

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Down disease

Down disease

Down disease   Down disease is a disease caused by the chromosomal aberration of the 21st pair of chromosomes, manifested by a number of physical defects, often dementia and a sharp decrease in resistance to infectious diseases. Etiology and pathogenesis of Down disease The etiology and pathogenesis of Down disease over the years has not been clarified. It was assumed that the basis of the disease is polyglandular insufficiency, that is, a dysfunction of several endocrine glands (thyroid, pituitary, etc.), a…

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Syncope among children

Syncope among children

Syncope among children Syncope is a cerebral attack of anoxic ischemic origin, manifested by short-term loss of consciousness and transient hemodynamic disturbances due to insufficient homeostatic mechanisms.  Pathogenesis  Syncope occurs mainly in young people, often in children and adolescents. The main pathogenetic mechanism is the inferiority of the devices that regulate homeostasis and ensure adequate adaptation of the latter to changing environmental conditions and the needs of the organism. Usually, this insufficiency of regulation is manifested permanently – in the…

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