Already from the first days of a baby’s life it is necessary to have a correct idea of its nutrition. Only a qualified pediatrician answers all parents’ questions. But it is necessary to note the special significance of water in the diet of newborns. Its deficiency can be dangerous not only for health, but for the life of the child.
The baby’s diet
To maintain health from an early age, a small person needs a regime, a balanced diet and a sufficient amount of clean drinking water. The baby’s organism slows down its development, the risk of dehydration is high, the activity of all vital organs decreases, the body weakens, immunity decreases without sufficient use of water.
In the first month of life, the human body still uses small stores of nutrients accumulated during the period of intrauterine development, and later their reception should be provided with food. Water helps solve problems with digestion and thirst. A small amount of pure water should be given to a baby with a spoon several times a day.
To avoid dehydration, it should be present in the baby’s diet from the first days of life. Breastfeeding satisfies the need of the baby’s body in the liquid, but only in the first months. At the end of this period, it is required to give clean water, which will perfectly satisfy the need without causing negative consequences. According to experts, breast milk should be the basis for feeding the baby from birth and at least 6 months. Breastfeeding is able to fully satisfy the baby in nutrients and mineral salts. When there is constipation or diarrhea, the temperature rises, vomiting occurs, the urine changes color and smell, then each of these symptoms can mean that the child’s diet is not enough and must be replenished. If breast milk is not able to meet the nutritional needs of the baby, or for other reasons, it is necessary to introduce artificial mixtures into the infant’s diet, and then your baby needs more fluid than during breastfeeding. As experts recommend, it should receive from 100 to 120 ml of water per kilogram of body weight.
However, it is important to use it special for children, since it doesn’t contain food additives and artificial ingredients. It contains less minerals that can lead to food allergies, much less sodium and nitrates, which can be found in ordinary spring water.
The immune system is very vulnerable. There are several external factors that can greatly affect the child’s immunity: among them – birth trauma, improper feeding, and insufficient amounts of vitamins and trace elements, digestive system diseases, stresses and poor ecology.
The main indicator that a baby needs to strengthen immunity is frequent colds with or without fever. In addition, disturbing symptoms are digestive disorders, slow healing of the wounds, rashes on the skin and an increase in lymph nodes.
To ensure that it always has good health, it is necessary to work from an early age to strengthen its immunity. An important element of a healthy lifestyle is the regime of the day and proper nutrition. Approximately up to 7 years, the baby needs a dream during the day, it must go to bed before 22 hours, and wake up no later than 9 hours. The child should be psychologically ready for kindergarten and school so that it does not experience daily stresses. Strengthening of the immune system is promoted by hardening, active outdoor games and physical activity.
To strengthen the immunity, you can use medicines, which can be found on the Internet. However, you need to be very careful and choose those remedies that have the softest effect on the body. To strengthen children’s immunity, remedies are used that can be conditionally divided into three groups. Vitamins, prebiotics and unsaturated fatty acids improve the age-related development of immunity. Interferons and other similar drugs have a mild effect on the immune system. Immunoglobulins are used for emergency care.
In addition to medicines, to strengthen the immune system, plant remedies based on chamomile pharmacy, horsetail, yarrow, althea and dandelion can also be prescribed. Plant components reduce the incidence, have no side effects and facilitate the course of colds.